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TUPC02 Bringing the Ground Up (When Is Two Less Than One?) optics, site, photon, software 182
  • A.A. Khan, C.A. Preissner
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Advanced Photon Source, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility, operated for the DOE Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
The Advanced Photon Source Upgrade project has employed the use of high heat load dual mirror systems in the new feature beamlines being built. Due to the shallow operating angles of the mirrors at a particular beamline, XPCS, the two mirrors needed to be approximately 2.5 m apart to create a distinct offset. Two separate mirror tanks are used for this system. However, it is unclear if the vibrational performance of these tanks would be better if they were both mounted on one large plinth or each mounted on a small plinth. Using accelerometers at the installation location, the floor vibrations were measured. The resulting frequency response function was then imported into a Finite Element Analysis software to generate a harmonic response analysis. The two different plinth schemes were modeled and the floor vibration was introduced as an excitation to the analysis. The relative pitch angle (THETA Y) between the mirrors was evaluated as well as the relative gap between the mirrors (XMAG). Results showed that a single plinth reduces the relative XMAG (RMS) compared to two plinths by approximately 25%. However, the relative THETA Y (RMS), which is arguably more critical, is significantly lower by approximately 99.7% in two plinths when compared to a single plinth. Therefore, it is more effective to use two separate plinths over a longer distance as opposed to a single longer granite plinth.
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About • paper received ※ 23 July 2021       paper accepted ※ 15 October 2021       issue date ※ 10 November 2021  
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WEPB16 CFD Predictions of Water Flow Through Impellers of the ALBA Centrifugal Pumps and Their Aspiration Zone. An Investigation of Fluid Dynamics Effects on Cavitation Problems operation, simulation, experiment, synchrotron 299
  • A. González Romero
    ESEIAAT, Terrassa, Spain
  • J.J. Casas, C. Colldelram, M. Quispe
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  Currently, the ALBA refrigeration system pumps present cavitation when operating at their nominal regime. To alleviate this phenomenon temporarily until a definitive solution was found, the water flow was reduced to 67% of its nominal value. As this flow exchanges heat with the cooling water produced in an external cogeneration plant, modifying the working point of the pumps resulted in a reduction of the Accelerator cooling capacity. However, even at such low flow conditions, the flow has an anomalous oscillatory behaviour in the distributor of the aspiration zone, implying that the cause may be in a bad dimensioning of the manifold. This paper presents a study of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) applied to the aspiration zones of the pumps, to investigate the effects of fluid dynamics on cavitation problems and understand what may be happening in the system. The need for such research arises from the urge to recover the accelerator cooling capacity and the constant pursuit for the improvement of the system. The geometries for this study include the general manifold in the aspiration zone and a simplified model of the pump impeller. The simulations have been carried out with the ANSYS-FLUENT software. Studies performed include considering the total water flow in nominal and under current operating conditions. In addition, the cases in which the flow is distributed through the manifold tubes in uniform and non-uniform ways have been treated separately. Pressure and velocity fields are analysed for various turbulence models. Finally, conclusions and recommendations to the problem are presented.  
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About • paper received ※ 27 July 2021       paper accepted ※ 28 September 2021       issue date ※ 01 November 2021  
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